Complete paralysis – following a spinal cord injury results in loss of
sensation/muscle power over clearly defined anatomical dermatomes/ myotomes.
Incomplete spinal cord injury – may present as one or more of the following syndromes.
Anterior cord syndrome – significant motor paralysis with some preservation of touch and joint position sense.
Posterior cord syndrome – preservation of some voluntary power with loss of proprioception.
Central cord syndrome – resulting in dense sensory & motor loss in the upper limbs compared to lower limbs.
Brown Sequard syndrome – where there is asymmetric preservation of sensation and muscle power between the left and right half of the body below the lesion.